12.2 Gastrointestinal Basics

It is important for the nurse to be aware of the underlying structures of the abdomen when completing a gastrointestinal or genitourinary assessment. See Figure 12.1[1] for an illustration of the gastrointestinal system and the bladder. See Figure 12.2[2] for an illustration of the male urinary system. Know the position of the organs within the abdominal cavity as you learn to auscultate, palpate, and percuss the abdomen.


Illustration of abdomen anatomy, with labels
Figure 12.1 Gastrointestinal System
Illustration of Male Urinary System, with labels
Figure 12.2 Male Urinary System

For a detailed overview of the gastrointestinal system, common GI disorders, and related GI medications, visit the “Gastrointestinal” chapter of the Open RN Nursing Pharmacology textbook. Specific sections of the chapter include the following:


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Nursing Skills - 2e Copyright © 2023 by Chippewa Valley Technical College is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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