Fenestrated cannula: Type of tracheostomy tube that contains holes so the patient can speak if the cuff is deflated and the inner cannula is removed.
Flange: The end of the tracheostomy tube that is placed securely against the patient’s neck.
Inner cannula: The cannula inside the outer cannula that is removed during tracheostomy care by the nurse. Inner cannulas can be disposable or reusable with appropriate cleaning.
Oropharyngeal suctioning: Suction of secretions through the mouth, often using a Yankauer device.
Outer cannula: The outer cannula placed by the provider through the tracheostomy hole and continuously remains in place.
Suction canister: A container for collecting suctioned secretions that is attached to a suction source.
Suction catheter: A soft, flexible, sterile catheter used for nasopharyngeal and tracheostomy suctioning.
Tracheostomy: A surgically created opening that goes from the front of the neck into the trachea.
Tracheostomy dressing: A manufactured dressing used with tracheostomies that does not shed fibers, which could potentially be inhaled by the patient.
Yankauer suction tip: Rigid device used to suction secretions from the mouth.