III Glossary

Diastole: The phase between each contraction of the heart when the ventricles are filling with blood.

Diastolic blood pressure: The resting pressure of blood on the arteries between each cardiac contraction.

Hypertension: Elevated blood pressure over 130/80 mmHg in an adult.

Hypotension: Decreased blood pressure less than 90/60 mmHg in an adult.

Korotkoff sounds: The audible sounds of blood pressure named after Dr. Korotkoff who discovered them.

Orthostatic hypotension: A decrease in blood pressure by at least 20 mmHg systolic or 10 mmHg diastolic within three minutes of standing from a seated or lying position.

Sphygmomanometer: A device used to measure blood pressure and is commonly referred to as a blood pressure cuff.

Systole: The phase of the heartbeat when the left ventricle contracts and pumps blood into the arteries.

Systolic blood pressure: The maximum pressure of blood on the arteries during the contraction of the left ventricle of the heart referred to as systole.


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Nursing Skills - 2e Copyright © 2023 by Chippewa Valley Technical College is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book