- Perform appropriate hand hygiene
- Use standard precautions
- Use category-specific, transmission-based precautions
- Maintain a sterile field and equipment
- Apply and safely remove sterile gloves and personal protective equipment
- Dispose of contaminated wastes appropriately
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), over 2 million patients in America contract a healthcare-associated infection, and 99,000 patients die from a healthcare-associated infection every year. (HAIs) are unintended and often preventable infections caused by care received in a health care setting. Healthcare-associated infections can be prevented by consistently following standard precautions and transmission-based precautions outlined by the CDC (2020). Standard precautions are used when caring for all patients and include performing appropriate ; wearing when indicated; implementing category-specific transmission precautions; encouraging respiratory hygiene; and following environmental infection control measures, including handling of sharps, laundry, and hazardous waste. Additional infection control measures include the appropriate use of aseptic technique and sterile technique when performing nursing procedures to protect the patient from transmission of microorganisms. Each of these strategies to keep patients and health care workers free of infection is discussed in further detail in this chapter.
- The Joint Commission. (n.d.). Hand hygiene. https://www.centerfortransforminghealthcare.org/improvement-topics/hand-hygiene/?_ga=2.185680553.1649963228.1601313691-322773533.1571518854 ↵
- Collins, A. S. (2008). Preventing health care-associated infections. In Hughes, R.G. (Ed.). Patient safety and quality: An evidence-based handbook for nurses. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2683/ ↵
Unintended infections caused by care received in a health care setting.
A way of cleaning one’s hands to substantially reduce the number of pathogens and other contaminants (e.g., dirt, body fluids, chemicals, or other unwanted substances) to prevent disease transmission or integumentary harm, typically using soap, water, and friction.
Personal protective equipment, such as gloves, gowns, face shields, goggles, and masks, used to prevent transmission of disease from patient to patient, patient to health care provider, and health care provider to patient.