5.15 Module Learning Activities

Open Resources for Nursing (Open RN)

Lightbulb MomentImage of lightbulb in a circle

Let’s apply what you have learned in the respiratory unit.

Asthma Scenario

An adult patient presents to the emergency department with complaints of shortness of breath and increased work of breathing. The patient is alert and oriented times 3, skin is pink, warm and dry, BP 148/88, T 98, P92, R 24, pulse oximetry 91% on room air. Assessment of the lung reveals expiratory wheezing throughout the lung fields. The patient has a past medical history of asthma, hypertension, and diabetes.

  1. The nurse anticipates which of the following medications will be initially administered to the patient?

a) Theophylline
b) Montelukast
c) Albuterol
d) Salmeterol

2. List the steps the nurse should take to safely administer the medication.

3. What assessments should the nurse plan to complete after administering the medication?

4. The nurse plans on teaching the patient about using the albuterol inhaler at home. What information should be included?

5. What is the best method for the nurse to use to ensure that the patient is correctly using an inhaler?

Allergy Scenario

A pediatric patient presents to the emergency department with complaints of shortness of breath, increased work of breathing, and a cough. The patient is alert and oriented times 3, skin is pink, warm and dry, BP 112/68, T 99, P106, R 32, pulse oximetry 90% on room air. Assessment of the lung sounds reveals diminished lung sounds throughout all lung fields. The patient has a past medical history of peanut allergy. The mother tells you that they were at a birthday party and after consumption of a cupcake, the symptoms started.

6. The nurse anticipates that which of the following medication will be likely ordered for this patient?

a. Diphenhydramine

b. Epinephrine

c. Cetirizine

d. Guaifenesin

Note: Answers to the Lightbulb Moment can be found in the “Answer Key” sections at the end of the book.

 Interactive Activity

 Interactive Activity

 Interactive Activity

 

License

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Nursing Pharmacology by Open Resources for Nursing (Open RN) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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